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The art therapy has been found to have universal appeal due to its usefulness involving individuals, groups and families all alike. Due to its ability to bring out the deeply rooted internal feelings of the individuals without any dependence on words, it is particularly helpful for children who stutter generally lack enough language skills to express their feelings or are unable to speak properly due to some particular reasons. Children with defense mechanism in terms of emotional blocks also find it beneficial to express their thoughts and perceptions. The art therapy is able to provide enough important information about the background and history of the children who stutter during the assessment phase and is also able to present the treatment progress clearly (“Art Therapy”, 2006).
The art therapy was practiced since the early 1970s after the demonstration of Psychoanalytic theories coined by Naumberg (1973) and Kramer (1973) that showed that the most internal feelings of the human unconscious mind exist in the form of images (Withrow, 2004). A theory of left brain and right brain was also coined in this regard by Ganim in 1999 as cited by Withrow (2004). According to the theory the left brain is critical and analytical and presents only the feelings people think they feel but right brain on the other hand expresses feelings through images and expresses the actual feelings of the people. Thus while expressing the feelings in words some of the expressions get lost during the interpretation and filtration by the left brain and as a result it can easily be concluded that the expressions in the form of images or art are more complete than in the form of language (Withrow, 2004). With the invention of these theories the art therapy gained popularity in the field of psychoanalysis and the use of colors in the art works found immense significance. The major reasons behind the importance of colors in the art therapy have been found to be the profound impact of colors on human mind and body and the easy access by non-representational art filling the gaps of representational arts. It was also seen that the patients themselves can use lines, forms and colors for their healing purposes. Despite of all these benefits the knowledge of colors found very little use in art therapy (Withrow, 2004).